Investment Trusts

New pensions freedoms – new options

The pension freedoms introduced in April of this year are likely to see many investors remain invested long into their retirement, rather than buying an annuity. The type of investment best suited to this new approach to retirement income has been hotly debated, but it is clear that income, of itself, will not be enough: That income must exhibit growth, it must be consistent, and it must be diverse.

4 September 2015

Sue Noffke

Sue Noffke

Fund Manager, UK Equities


For a retiree with potentially 20-30 years of retirement ahead of them, dividend growth is likely to be more important than the absolute level of dividend. An income investor buys a portfolio of shares for £100 and it pays an income of £3. All the investor needs is for that income to firstly, be maintained, and then, to grow in line with inflation. In other words, that investor needs to get £3 in the first year, then, say, £3.10. the next, and then £3.20 in the following year.

The income investor shouldn’t therefore be too concerned if the share price rises to £120 or falls to £80 (though that may influence new buyers into the fund). However, investors have the added advantage that equities have tended to perform well over the longer term. The arguments for ensuring growth in capital are similar to those for ensuring growth in income – an investors’ pot keeps pace with inflation, which can be vital for those facing, for example, care home fees, but also for those who want to leave a legacy. A fund’s potential to increase dividends year on year is also an attractive proposition for income investors- something the Schroder Income Growth Fund plc has done year on year since its inception in 1995. Of course, past performance is not a guide to future performance and may not be repeated.

Source: Schroders, bid to bid price with net income reinvested, net of the ongoing charges and portfolio costs and, where applicable, performance fees, in GBP, as at 30 June 2015. *FTSE All Share total return. Past performance is not a guide to future performance and may not be repeated.

There is another nuance in the current environment. With UK and US policymakers on the cusp of raising interest rates, those companies that simply offer a fixed level of income are likely to become less highly prized. Those companies that also offer growth in their dividends are unlikely to come under the same pressure.

It is also worth noting, that a high absolute level of dividends could be a sign of distress: Companies with very high dividend yields could be those where the market is concerned that the dividend is at risk. The income investor may buy at a yield of 7-8%, but his annual income will fall if the company then lowers, or abandons its dividend. This is unlikely to be the right option for someone seeking consistency and reliability of income over time.


While no investment can match the guaranteed returns of an annuity, investors will want some reassurance that a trust has exhibited consistency of income payments in the past and has the capacity to continue doing so in future. It is clear that investment trusts have something to offer in this regard. Unlike open-ended investment companies, investment trusts can reserve a portion of each year’s income in buoyant times to pay it out in leaner times, leading to greater consistency of pay-outs for investors

Many investment trusts have built up significant reserves on which they can draw. They can also pay income out of capital if they choose, giving them greater investment flexibility. The Schroder Income Growth Fund plc has around 4% of its net asset value held as reserves, equivalent to around six months worth of payouts. It is important to note that the value of investments and the income from them can do down as well as up and investors may not get back the amount originally invested.

Another tool that investment trusts can use is gearing, which means the fund manager can borrow extra money to invest. This can boost returns but also introduces extra risk in to the portfolio. The gearing on the Schroders Income Growth Fund plc currently sits at 9.2%.

Equally, for many investment trusts, the board makes the commitment to pay a dividend. The Board ensures that the investment manager remains wedded to this goal and will challenge them if it isn’t met. This differentiates investment trusts from the open-ended sector.


The investment trust structure also allows investment trust managers greater flexibility in the investments they choose. Investment trusts have a fixed pool of assets and managers do not have to navigate inflows and outflows. This is important for dividend investors. Dividends in the UK equity market can be relatively concentrated if investors are confined to the most liquid parts of the market.

There is considerable dividend diversity in the market. The recent Capita report on dividends in the UK market found that rather than the income stalwarts such as healthcare or utilities, it was areas such as construction, general retailers, household goods, media, telecoms (fixed line), property, and technology sectors that posted the strongest growth in dividends at the start of this year.

This diversity is important. Targeting absolute dividend yield at the expense of either diversity or growth in income is likely to be, at best, a short-term strategy and at worst, will see investors targeting those parts of the markets where dividends may be at risk. This is particularly true in the current market environment where certain parts of the market, such as commodities, look particularly vulnerable.

In building a diverse dividend portfolio, it can be worth judiciously incorporating non-UK stocks. The Schroder Income Growth Fund plc can invest up to 20% of its assets in non-UK stocks. While it may not always use the full extent of this flexibility, it can help to tap into sectors that may be poorly represented in the UK market or where the best companies lie outside the UK. This diversity can also help ensure consistency, giving the fund managers a broader choice in more difficult market conditions. Of course, investments denominated in currencies other than sterling are effected by changes in exchange rates which can cause the value of these investments, and the income from them, to rise or fall.

The new pension freedoms open up a range of options for investors to build and grow their retirement income over time. An investment trust cannot replace an annuity, but it has certain characteristics that ensure pay-outs are likely to be more consistent, diverse and exhibit stronger growth than many other options for retirees. As such, we believe they merit consideration within a retirement portfolio.

The Schroders Income Growth Fund plc is managed by Sue Noffke who has been part of Schroders’ experienced UK Equity Team for over 20 years. The Company’s principal investment objectives are to provide real growth of income, being growth of income in excess of the rate of inflation, and capital growth as a consequence of the rising income. The Company targets the attractive income and income growth potential provided by UK companies and has a record of increasing dividends each year for the past decade.

This combination of income and growth is important for investors looking to sustain their wealth over a 20-30 year retirement.

What are the risks?

  • Past performance is not a guide to future performance and may not be repeated. The value of investments and the income from them may go down as well as up and investors may not get back the amount originally invested.
  • Portfolios which invest in a smaller number of stocks carry more risk than funds spread across a larger number of companies. The Company will invest solely in the companies of one country or region. This can carry more risk than investments spread over a number of countries or regions.
  • As a result of the fees being charged partially to capital, the distributable income of the fund may be higher, but the capital value of the fund may be eroded.
  • The Company may borrow money to invest in further investments, this is known as gearing. Gearing will increase returns if the value of the investments purchased increase in value by more than the cost of borrowing, or reduce returns if they fail to do so.

Important Information:

We recommend you seek financial advice from an Independent Adviser before making an investment decision. If you don't already have an Adviser, you can find one at or

The most up to date Key Features Documents are available at

The views and opinions contained herein are those of Sue Noffke, Fund Manager, UK Equity, and may not necessarily represent views expressed or reflected in other Schroders communications, strategies or funds.

The material is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, accounting, legal or tax advice, or investment recommendations. Reliance should not be placed on the views and information in the document when taking individual investment and/or strategic decisions. The sectors mentioned above are for illustrative purposes only and are not to be considered a recommendation to buy or sell.

Issued in September 2015 by Schroder Unit Trusts Limited, 31 Gresham Street, London EC2V 7QA. Registered No: 4191730 England. Authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority.


  • Equities
  • UK
  • Sue Noffke
  • Pensions
  • Investment Trusts
  • Income

Important Information: The views and opinions contained herein are those of Schroders’ Investment team, and may not necessarily represent views expressed or reflected in other Schroders communications, strategies or funds. This material is intended to be for information purposes only and is not intended as promotional material in any respect. The material is not intended as an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument. It is not intended to provide and should not be relied on for accounting, legal or tax advice, or investment recommendations. Reliance should not be placed on the views and information in this document when taking individual investment and/or strategic decisions. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future results. The value of an investment can go down as well as up and is not guaranteed. All investments involve risks including the risk of possible loss of principal. Information herein is believed to be reliable but Schroders does not warrant its completeness or accuracy. Some information quoted was obtained from external sources we consider to be reliable. No responsibility can be accepted for errors of fact obtained from third parties, and this data may change with market conditions. This does not exclude any duty or liability that Schroders has to its customers under any regulatory system. Regions/ sectors shown for illustrative purposes only and should not be viewed as a recommendation to buy/sell. The opinions in this material include some forecasted views. We believe we are basing our expectations and beliefs on reasonable assumptions within the bounds of what we currently know. However, there is no guarantee than any forecasts or opinions will be realised. These views and opinions may change.  UK: Schroder Investment Management Limited, 31 Gresham Street, London, EC2V 7QA, is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. For your security, communications may be taped or monitored. Further information about Schroders can be found at US: Schroder Investment Management North America Inc. is an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Schroders plc, a SEC registered investment adviser and is registered in Canada in the capacity of Portfolio Manager with the Securities Commission in Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec and Saskatchewan providing asset management products and services to clients in Canada. 875 Third Avenue, New York, NY, 10022, (212) 641-3800.