Outlook 2020: Private equity
As headwinds build for traditional assets, we expect private equity to attract more new capital in 2020, but there are some pockets with high valuations where investors should be careful.
- Overall we maintain a positive outlook for the performance of new commitments to private equity in 2020.
- While large buyouts and “unicorns” look expensive, segments with high barriers to entry - especially at the smaller end of the market - look more compelling.
- Investors’ emphasis on ESG will increase further in 2020, which aligns well with private equity’s long timeframes and higher engagement.
Low interest rates and elevated public market valuations have been widely touted as potential headwinds to traditional asset classes in 2020. The backdrop has contributed to the rise in interest in private equity. In addition, private equity is positively aligned with another prevalent investor issue – environmental, social and governance (ESG) risks – due to its longer holding periods and greater control over investments.
As a result, it comes as no surprise to us that investor interest in private equity is currently strong, and is set to remain so for the coming year. According to private markets specialist Preqin, 79% of investors in private equity expect to increase their allocation to the asset class over the next five years.
However, while there is always some cyclicality in fund-raising activity, we also believe private equity is on a long-term growth trend, and there seems to be little that will stop it. Private equity has long been an important contributor to value creation in the real economy and for investors’ portfolios alike. It plays a key role in transforming businesses and creating new, fast-growing companies. Private equity can also smooth generational transitions; the successful transfer of a firm from a retiring generation to a younger one. It can also better align the interests of investors with portfolio managers, via capital commitments from the latter (which are rising).
Beware high capital inflows and high valuations in some parts of the market
Despite our optimism, the increased interest in private equity has created a “frothy” environment. This creates challenges for investors. In the past, some periods with strong investor appetite led to capital overhangs that in turn have dampened returns for certain vintage years (such as 1999/2000 for venture capital and in 2006-2008 for buyouts). Today, there is a risk that these patterns repeat again. Large buyout fund raising is significantly above its long-term trend (although still to a lesser degree than in 2006-2008).
Large buyouts: annual fund raising (US/Europe) and long-term trend
Source: Preqin, Schroder Adveq, 2019. Large buyouts: funds with fund sizes at or above €/$2 billion
Past performance is not a guide to future performance. 2019 numbers are forecasts and therefore may change. CS2273
Furthermore, pre-IPO stage companies with $1 billion+ valuations - so called “unicorns” - have mushroomed in recent years. This has been driven by investments by non-traditional late-stage investors, such as the $100 billion Saudi Arabia-backed Softbank Vision fund, which is comfortably the largest private equity fund in history.
The private valuations of many of these companies have been driven so high that they have ultimately disappointed when an exit into public markets has been sought. For example, Uber, Lyft, Slack and Pinterest, all darlings of the private world, are now trading below their IPO prices. WeWork famously had to pull its IPO entirely after failing to get sufficient interest, even at a cut-price level.
Generally, the private equity strategies most at risk from strong inflows of capital seem to be those that can accommodate large, single investments without investors hitting maximum ownership limits. These are typically larger funds.
Smaller end of the market less expensive
In contrast, market segments with high barriers to entry, in our view, show the healthiest market dynamics. Smaller deals represent a large investable universe, which can restrict access for some larger funds, as it is harder to deploy very large amounts of capital quickly.
For small/mid buyouts in the US and Europe, start-up investments globally and early growth investments in Asia, fund raising trends have been stable or even been declining. This is a positive indicator for vintage year return expectations. Moreover, the current low-rate environment has allowed some fund managers to “scale up” and to raise significantly larger funds, thereby exiting these smaller market segments. This helps to further stabilise market dynamics at the lower end of the market.
Small/mid buyouts: Annual fund raising (US/Europe) and long-term trend
Past performance is not a guide to future performance. 2019 numbers are forecasts and therefore may change.
Source: Preqin, Schroder Adveq, 2019. Small buyouts: funds with fund sizes below €/$500m; mid-sized buyouts: funds with fund sizes above €/$500m and below €/$2 billion. CS2273
One consequence of these diverging fund raising trends is that acquisition multiples for large buyouts have risen to historically expensive levels. By contrast, small buyouts have remained more reasonable. For 2020, we expect the lower end of the market (in terms of transaction sizes) to continue to provide the most attractive opportunities within private equity.
Smaller buyouts offer compelling value
Past performance is not a guide to future performance.
Source: Baird 2019, S&P 2019, Schroder Adveq, 2019 CS2273
Investor emphasis on ESG related topics to further increase in 2020
We expect investor emphasis to rise next year on ESG characteristics and – to a lesser but increasing extent – “impact” investing, for private equity investment decisions. This is becoming especially important in Europe, where heightened awareness of climate change and the European Commission’s Sustainable Finance initiative are important drivers. We also expect ESG and impact investing to increase in importance in other world regions.
You can read and watch more from our 2020 outlook series here
The views and opinions contained herein are those of Schroders’ investment teams and/or Economics Group, and do not necessarily represent Schroder Investment Management North America Inc.’s house views. These views are subject to change. This information is intended to be for information purposes only and it is not intended as promotional material in any respect.