Perspective

Agents of sustainable change: How Hong Kong investors expect companies to be socially aware

Companies’ social responsibility is the sustainability issue investors in Hong Kong care most about, according to the latest Schroders Global Investor Study.

The landmark annual survey of more than 23,000 investors from around the world, including 500 of them from Hong Kong, asked respondents for their views on sustainable investing.

The study suggests 60% of investors in Hong Kong consider social responsibility is of key importance. This is closely followed by treatment of staff (59%), attention to environmental issues (54%) and closing the gender pay gap (54%).

The “new social contract”: these are the behaviours investors care about most

This year’s respondents are likely to have had the impact of Covid-19 front of mind. In the months after the World Health Organisation declared Covid-19 a pandemic, it was widely recognised that a sustainable recovery was needed.

In the wake of the virus, there have been rising calls for governments and businesses to be part of a “new social contract”, something Schroders’ CEO has spoken out about. This has coincided with the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Global Compact, the world’s largest corporate sustainability initiative.

Interestingly, the behaviours people deemed to be the most important from a sustainability perspective are also considered the most impactful on returns.

Who do people think should be responsible for mitigating climate change?

Questions have been asked about what Covid-19 could teach us about tackling climate change.

Schroders’ Climate Progress Dashboard suggests the current pace of change will result in temperatures rising by 3.9°C above pre-industrial levels - almost twice the Paris Agreement target.

When it comes to who Hong Kong people think should be responsible for mitigating climate change overall, 42% said investment managers or major shareholders have a role.

Schroders’ study found that 66% think national governments and regulators are responsible for mitigating climate change, while more than half (55%) see this issue as something individuals should take responsibility for as well.

Some 52% of those surveyed hold companies themselves accountable, and the same percentage of investors believe non-profit organisations and charities also need to play a part.

Hannah Simons, Head of Sustainability Strategy at Schroders, says: “It is clear from the responses that a number of different groups have a part to play. This highlights the need for engagement and collaboration. Collective action is needed.”

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What should investment managers do with investments in companies involved in fossil fuels?

Although less than half of people in Hong Kong consider investment managers responsible for mitigating climate change, 54% of people think they should withdraw funds from the fossil fuel industry.

Just over a third (35%) said managers should withdraw investment from companies involved in the fossil fuels industry to limit their ability to grow. However, over a quarter (28%) said managers should remain invested to drive change and 19% said they should stay invested as long as it is profitable.

The remaining 19% said investment managers should withdraw investments from these firms on moral grounds.

The findings suggest that while investment professionals are not explicitly blamed for carbon emissions levels, they are expected to become more involved in reducing them.

The difference in opinion on the fossil fuel industry is a reminder that there are differing interpretations of what it means to make responsible and sustainable investment decisions.

Hannah Simons says: “Sustainable investing means different things to different people. It is important for people to understand the credentials of their investments to ensure their portfolio aligns with their own values.

“As we seek to deliver not only returns for investors, but better outcomes for society as a whole, measurement and tracking of progress remain critical. The tools that we have developed and the analysis we undertake put a financial value on the impacts that companies have on society – which are increasingly being identified as financial costs.

“At Schroders we are committed to integrating sustainability across everything we do. It is clear that the financial sector plays a key role in tackling climate change, and we believe this requires a forward-looking, active approach.”

For more on the Schroders Global Investor Study 2020, please visit www.schroders.com/en/hk/retirement/resources/gis/.

 

Schroders commissioned Raconteur to conduct an independent online study of 23,450 people in 32 locations around the world between 30 April and 15 June 2020. This research defines “people” as those who will be investing at least €10,000 (or the equivalent) in the next 12 months and who have made changes to their investments within the last 10 years.

 

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