India reaffirms status as the fastest growing major economy in the world
Indian GDP was stronger-than-expected in the second quarter, growing 8.2% year-on-year (y/y) in a further acceleration from the 7.7% recorded in the prior quarter.
While this cements India’s position as the fastest-growing major economy, it is flattered somewhat by a weaker base (ie the considerably lower growth seen in the same 2016/2017 period) and a deceleration seems likely next quarter. On a quarter-on-quarter basis, growth actually decelerated.
On an expenditure basis, the acceleration was led by private consumption picking up to 8.6% from 6.7%, and exports accelerating sharply to a 12.7% y/y growth rate from just 3.6% previously. Meanwhile, government spending cooled from a very strong prior quarter and investment also pulled back. Though 10% y/y growth is still strong by the standards of the last two years, it is important India does not slip back into the habit of reliance on consumption over investment for growth.
We are hopeful that growth, though likely to slow slightly from here, will remain supported by better credit provision as the banking sector’s issues are gradually addressed. Fiscal policy is also a positive for the time being, at the cost of overshooting the fiscal deficit target. Meanwhile, though trade tensions continue to escalate, we would note that India is one of the better-positioned EM economies to weather a global trade slowdown. The country’s reliance on exports is one of the lowest amongst emerging market economies, and in general seems resilient to economic shocks emanating from China.