In focus

29 reasons not to invest in the stock market

Wars, disasters, economic strife and political instability have been persistent themes over the last three decades and they can affect people’s attitude towards investing. 

In many cases they make an already tough decision to part with your money and invest even harder, leading some to not invest at all.

Behavioural scientists have a name for this: loss aversion. They estimate that the psychological pain of losing is about twice as powerful as the pleasure of gaining, hence why some people shy from the risks involved with investing.

Yet as Schroders’ research shows, staying out of the stock market over the last 30 years could have proven costly.

The eroding effects of inflation and historically low interest rates would have eaten away at the value of your money if you decided not to invest. While investing in the stock market carries greater risks [the possibility of your losing all the money you have invested] and volatility [the value of the money you have invested going up and down] it could have boosted your returns.

Of course choosing to invest depends on your personal circumstances and if you are unsure as to the suitability of any investment speak to an financial adviser

Schroders research found, after adjusting for the effects of inflation:

  • £1,000 hidden "under the mattress" at the start of 1989 would now be worth £467 due to the effects of UK inflation – annual growth of -2.7%.
  • £1,000 left alone in a UK savings account at the start of 1989 would now be worth £1,011 – annual growth of 0.03%.
  • £1,000 invested in the FTSE All-Share index at the start of 1989, with all income reinvested, would now be worth £5,683 – annual growth of 11.2%.

These figures are not adjusted to include any account charges or investment fees.

The chart below illustrates the change in real value each year of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (blue bars), a UK bank account (orange bars) or left under your bed (yellow bars).

Please remember that past performance is not a guide to future performance. Investing in one geographical region [UK equites]  may result in large changes to the value to your investment, which may adversely impact the performance.

In some circumstances, up to £85,000 in a UK bank account is protected by the Financial Compensation Services Scheme.

How the value of £1,000 could have grown (and shrunk) since 1989


This material is not intended to provide advice of any kind. Information herein is believed to be reliable but Schroders does not warrant its completeness or accuracy.

Source: Schroders. Refinitiv data for The FTSE All-Share Index correct as at 19 November 2018.

A short history of stock market crashes since 2000

The last 30 years have included some of the biggest stock market crashes in history.

In 2001, the FTSE All-Share index fell by 13%. It was in the wake of the bursting of the "dotcom bubble" at the end of 1990s, when highly-rated technology stocks were sold off. But it also coincided with the devastating attacks on the World Trade Centre in New York in September.  The period also saw a global economic slump, although the UK managed to avoid recession. The FTSE All Share index was down 22% in the year to the end of 2002.

The global financial crisis of 2008, which began with the gradual collapse of the housing market in the US the year before, led to the worst global recession since the 1930s. In the year to the end of 2008 the FTSE All-Share was down 30%, its worst annual performance since 1989.

The table below illustrates how your investment returns could have built up year by year between 1989 and 2017 and shows the damaging effect inflation can have on your wealth. It also shows global events that could have deterred investors in any of those given years.

Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989

Year A reason not to invest? UK stocks level - end of year (EoY) UK stocks year-on-year % change Average savings rate Average inflation rate Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY) Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY) Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)
1989 Junk bond crisis 761 36.1% 12.0% 5.2% £1,291 £1,068 £948
1990 Recession 687 -9.7% 13.6% 7.0% £1,074 £1,066 £882
1991 India economic crisis 830 20.8% 10.6% 7.5% £1,091 £1,033 £815
1992 UK pulls out of the ERM 1000 20.5% 8.2% 4.3% £1,268 £1,042 £780
1993 Swedish banking crisis 1284 28.4% 5.7% 2.5% £1,596 £1,036 £761
1994 Balkan War 1209 -5.8% 5.4% 2.0% £1,471 £1,039 £746
1995 Tequila Crisis 1497 23.9% 5.6% 2.7% £1,783 £1,035 £726
1996 Fed chairman questions stock market valuations 1747 16.7% 4.5% 2.5% £2,037 £1,028 £708
1997 Asian crisis 2159 23.6% 5.5% 1.8% £2,480 £1,044 £695
1998 Russian financial crisis 2456 13.8% 6.3% 1.6% £2,782 £1,057 £684
1999 Argentine economic crisis 3051 24.2% 4.7% 1.3% £3,419 £1,044 £675
2000 Dotcom bubble 2870 -5.9% 5.5% 0.8% £3,190 £1,058 £670
2001 Twin towers terrorist attack 2489 -13.3% 4.6% 1.2% £2,726 £1,047 £662
2002 Stock market crash 1924 -22.7% 3.7% 1.3% £2,074 £1,038 £653
2003 War in Iraq 2326 20.9% 3.7% 1.4% £2,478 £1,038 £644
2004 Terrorist attack in Madrid 2624 12.8% 4.6% 1.3% £2,763  £1,048  £636 
2005 London bombings/Hurricane Katrina  3203 22.0%  4.9%  2.1%  £3,315  £1,045  £623 
2006 Housing bubble  3739 16.8%  4.7%  2.3%  £3,793  £1,041  £608 
2007 Sub-prime mortgage crisis 3938  5.3% 5.6%  2.3%  £3,907  £1,051  £594 
2008 Global financial crisis 2760  -29.9%  5.1%  3.6%  £2,597  £1,034  £573 
2009 Global recession 3591  30.1%  2.2%  2.2%  £3,323  £1,020  £560 
2010 European sovereign debt crisis 4112  14.5%  2.8%  3.3%  £3,695  £1,016  £542 
2011 Greek debt crisis - bailout 3970  -3.5%  2.8%  4.5%  £3,403 £1,005  £518 
2012 US heads towards the fiscal cliff  4458 12.3%  2.8%  2.8%  £3,725  £1,023  £503 
2013 Russia invades Ukraine  5386  20.8% 1.8% 2.6%  £4,404  £1,016  £490 
2014 Brazilian economic crisis 5449  1.2%  1.5% 1.5%  £4,392  £1,025  £483 
2015 China stock market crash 5502 1.0%  1.4%  0.0%  £4,433  £1,040  £483 
2016 UK votes to leave the European Union 6424  16.8%  1.2%  0.7%  £5,147  £1,033  £479 
2017 Rise of populist vote 7266  13.1%  1.0%  2.7%  £5,683  £1,011  £467 

Please remember that past performance is not a guide to future performance and may not be repeated.

Source: Schroders. Refinitiv data for the FTSE All Share total return index, which includes dividends. Inflation numbers supplied by the Bank of England. Savings data from Building Societies Association and

Nick Kirrage, a fund manager and author on the Value Perspective investment blog, has written often about the danger fear can play.

“People can lose touch with just how bad things have looked and been in the past,” he said. “That can lead to them taking – or failing to take – actions that can harm their personal wealth for decades to come.

“This data shows that investors who had instead opted to stay in cash would have seen their savings destroyed by inflation during a period when the stock market rallied. Quite frankly, there are many other periods of the last century which offer the same conclusion. Even the Second World War offered decent stock market returns in the US and UK.

“The reality is that there is no ‘perfect’ time to put money into the stock market. If you are holding out for one, you are going to remain in cash forever and, over the longer term, you are likely to be materially worse off as a result.”

The opinions included above should not be relied upon and should not be construed as advice and/or a recommendation. Past performance cannot be relied upon as a guide to the future performance and the value of your money may fall when invested.

Dit document is uitsluitend bedoeld ter informatie. Het materiaal is niet bedoeld als aanbod of uitnodiging om een financieel instrument of effect te kopen of te verkopen of een bepaalde beleggingsstrategie te volgen. De verstrekte informatie vormt geen beleggingsadvies, beleggingsaanbeveling of beleggingsonderzoek en is niet afgestemd op de specifieke omstandigheden van enige ontvanger. Het materiaal is niet bedoeld als financieel, juridisch of fiscaal advies en mag niet worden gebruikt als basis hiervoor. De vermelde informatie wordt geacht betrouwbaar te zijn, maar de juistheid of volledigheid wordt door Schroders niet gegarandeerd. Schroders is niet aansprakelijk voor onjuistheden in feiten of meningen. De opvattingen en informatie in dit document mogen niet worden gebruikt als basis voor individuele beleggingsbeslissingen en/of strategische beslissingen.


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De prognoses in dit document zijn het resultaat van statistische modellering op basis van een aantal aannames. Prognoses zijn onderhevig aan een hoge mate van onzekerheid ten aanzien van toekomstige economische omstandigheden en marktfactoren die de feitelijke toekomstige resultaten kunnen beïnvloeden. De prognoses worden verstrekt ter informatie volgens de stand van zaken op dit moment. De gehanteerde aannames kunnen aanzienlijk veranderen als gevolg van veranderingen in de onderliggende aannames, die onder meer het gevolg kunnen zijn van veranderingen in de economische omstandigheden en marktfactoren. Schroders is niet verplicht u op de hoogte te stellen van aanpassingen of veranderingen in deze informatie wanneer aannames, economische omstandigheden, marktfactoren, modellen of andere zaken veranderen.