Economics

UK needs to find £20bn to fill the hole in public finances

Ahead of the 2016 UK Budget on 16 March, we look at how the chancellor George Osborne might consider plugging a near £20 billion black hole in public finances.

15/03/2016

Azad Zangana

Azad Zangana

Senior European Economist and Strategist

Mind the fiscal gap

The UK’s public sector net borrowing numbers are currently on track to end the fiscal year almost £10 billion worse than the Office for Budgetary Responsibility (OBR) had forecast back in November.

Part of the reason behind the miss is the delay in implementing reforms of in-work benefits, along with the cancellation of the sale of publically held banking shares due to poor market conditions.

Why should this matter? After all, UK Chancellor of the Exchequer Osborne has a poor record of meeting fiscal targets.

After winning the last general election, the government legislated to introduce new fiscal rules designed to stop the ever greening of austerity.

Typically, there are three rules:

  1. Public sector debt as a share of GDP must fall in every fiscal year. Meeting this rule would have relied on asset sales, which may be difficult in today’s climate of uncertainty, not helped by the presence of Brexit risk.
  2. A cap on welfare spending. This has already been breached.
  3. The government mush achieve a fiscal surplus by 2019/20, with the deadline falling just days before the fixed date of the 2020 general election.

In addition to this year’s £10 billion miss, there is another £10 billion missing from the chancellor’s plans.

The OBR’s forecast for tax revenues is likely to be around £1.5-£2 billion lower from lower capital tax receipts, due to the fall in UK equity markets since November.

In addition, current fiscal plans to not have provisions for the promised cuts in personal taxes including the raising of the personal allowance, and the lowering of the higher rate tax threshold – expected to cost the exchequer around £8 billion by 2019/20.

£20bln black hole

So with around a £20 billion black-hole in the public finances and a softening economic outlook, the chancellor’s decision to blow a £27 billion windfall just four months ago by reducing austerity plans now look unsustainable.

Indeed, speaking from the latest G20 meeting last week, he admitted that he will be forced to announce fresh spending cuts.

The chancellor will be looking for additional sources of revenue, especially as the government’s tax triple-lock legally rules out increases in income tax, national insurance contributions and VAT.

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