Blog

If bitcoin isn’t a bubble, it’s a spookily good impression

Our chart comparing bitcoin’s price movements with a classic market bubble should be enough to test the ‘leap of faith’ currently being taken by the herds of investors entering the cryptocurrency market

20/10/2017

Andrew Williams

Andrew Williams

Investment Specialist, Equity Value

“Proper excited about Mobile Cryptocurrency! I’m in, get involved!” So tweeted Harry Redknapp last week about a ‘mobile cryptocurrency’ called electroneum.

On reading it, we could not help but think of the song famously associated with one of the serial football manager’s former clubs, West Ham United. All together now: “I’m forever blowing bubbles …”

 

Source: Twitter, 20 October 2017

 

Back in June, in Mouth-watering prospect or eye-watering valuation?, we suggested investor behaviour surrounding bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies had a distinctly bubbly feel.

We pointed out how, from an early peak of $1,100 (£835) in late 2013, the value of a single bitcoin had lurched its way to within touching distance of the $3,000 mark and then raised the possibility its bubble may have burst.

Fast forward four months to last Saturday and one bitcoin would have got you a little over $5,800 before retreating below $5,600 a few days later, which neatly illustrates two points.

First, things move very quickly in cryptocurrency world – who knows where the price will be when you actually read this? – and, second, this is why we do not go in for market timing, here on The Value Perspective.

Still, regardless of whether bitcoin actually turns out to have been a bubble, its behaviour in recent years is a freakishly good impression of one.

Take a look at the following chart, which plots its price movements over the last six years against the classic trajectory of any asset bubble.

It is a pretty good fit, with the journey over the last few months putting bitcoin above the ‘New Paradigm’ point of the ‘Blow-off’ phase.

 

 Is Bitcoin heading into a bubble?

Source: Thomson Reuters Datastream, 19 October 2017. Past performance is not a guide to future performance and may not be repeated.

 

To be clear, none of this is to attack bitcoin, the other cryptocurrencies or the extraordinary ‘distribution ledger technology’ that underpins them.

What we do find extremely concerning, however, here on The Value Perspective, is the behaviour of the wider market towards something whose intrinsic value cannot be assessed – for the simple reason it does not have any.

Crytocurrencies have no value to assess

As we wrote in June: “If cryptocurrencies were stocks, investors might at least have a chance of getting to grips with their balance sheets and working out what they were really worth but, as it stands, there is simply no metaphorical bonnet to open up and check underneath.”

The only real point of comparison for bitcoin, ethereum, Harry Redknapp’s top tip and all the rest are, in fact, traditional currencies.

But then, as we also pointed out: “Every money system is a man-made construct that is dependant for its very existence on an act of faith.” And, once again, we are humming that tune and especially its last verse:

“I'm forever blowing bubbles, pretty bubbles in the air,

They fly so high, nearly reach the sky, then like my dreams they fade and die.

Fortune's always hiding, I've looked everywhere,

I'm forever blowing bubbles, Pretty bubbles in the air.”

Author

Andrew Williams

Andrew Williams

Investment Specialist, Equity Value

I joined Schroders in 2010 as part of the Investment Communications team focusing on UK equities. In 2014 I moved across to the Value Investment team. Prior to joining Schroders I was an analyst at an independent capital markets research firm. 

Don’t miss the latest value investing ideas.

Enter your email for alerts on new posts from The Value Perspective team.

We store your information securely, and we never share it with third parties. We'll only send you emails relevant to you and you can opt out at any time.

Important Information:

The views and opinions displayed are those of Ian Kelly, Nick Kirrage, Andrew Lyddon, Kevin Murphy, Andrew Williams, Andrew Evans and Simon Adler, members of the Schroder Global Value Equity Team (the Value Perspective Team), and other independent commentators where stated. They do not necessarily represent views expressed or reflected in other Schroders' communications, strategies or funds. The Team has expressed its own views and opinions on this website and these may change.

This article is intended to be for information purposes only and it is not intended as promotional material in any respect. Reliance should not be placed on the views and information on the website when taking individual investment and/or strategic decisions. Nothing in this article should be construed as advice. The sectors/securities shown above are for illustrative purposes only and are not to be considered a recommendation to buy/sell.

Past performance is not a guide to future performance and may not be repeated. The value of investments and the income from them may go down as well as up and investors may not get back the amounts originally invested.