One: Reacting to stock market jitters
Many people believe investing is about trying to time the stock market, however even professional investors struggle to do this consistently.
Schroders’ Global Investor Survey 2019 has shown that fewer than 20% of investors held their nerve and stuck to their initial investment plan in response to stock market volatility in the final three months of 2018. These findings are echoed in the Australian results with 66% of people making changes to their investment portfolio's risk profile during this time.
The survey of more than 25,000 people across 32 locations around the world found that most investors reacted to the stock market falls by moving into lower-risk assets or by cashing in their equity-based investments.
There were indeed some hairy moments in that quarter, with global stocks suffering their worst quarterly falls in seven years at the end of 2018 amid global economic concerns, driven by ongoing trade tensions between the US and China.
But as the graph below shows, stock markets can very swiftly recover.
So those who made changes in a panic in late 2018 will have most likely sold at the bottom and lost out on the recovery - the opposite of what most investors want to do.
“No-one likes to lose money so it is not surprising that when markets go down investors feel nervous” Schroders’ Personal Finance Director Claire Walsh said. “Research has repeatedly shown that investors feel the pain of loss far more strongly than the pleasure of gains. That can affect decision-making” she added.
One tactic for those concerned that markets might take a sudden turn for the worse is to drip-feed - in other words putting away a regular monthly amount into your portfolio. When stock market prices are high that monthly payment will buy less; when prices are low, you can stock up on cheap investments. This goes a long way to riding out stock market volatility. As with any investment, it is important to speak with a financial adviser before making any changes to your portfolio.
Two: Taking a short-term view
The golden rule of investing is that it should be for the long term - which is at least five years and possibly even more than 10 years. This gives your investments a period over which most stock-market-based investments should show a positive return.
However, the survey revealed that another common mistake (which is closely related to the first) is that investors tend to take a relatively short-term view of their investments. On average, people stay invested for just 2.6 years before moving their money elsewhere or cashing in.
Just 13% of investors said they stayed invested for a minimum five-year period often recommended by financial advisers, while 41% said they stayed invested for a year or less.
“Generally speaking, the longer you invest for, the longer you have to ride out any bumps along the way, which is why it is suggested you invest for a minimum of five years” Claire Walsh said.
Here is where younger savers have an advantage. The longer your investing horizon, the more volatility your portolfio can endure. If you are putting money away that you will not need for 30 or 40 years, even big stock market corrections can be seen as buying opportunities. And there is the added benefit of compound interest.
Three: Unrealistic expectations
The survey found that global investors expect returns of 10.7% over the next five years. And younger investors are the most over optimistic: millennials (those born in the 1980s and 1990s) believe they can get an annual return of 11.5% over the next five years. This expectation decreases with each generation: Generation X (those born in the 1960s and 1970s) expect 10.8%; Baby Boomers (those born from 1946 until the early 1960s) expect 9.0%; and those aged 71 and over expect total returns of 7.8%.
Australian investors had similar return expectations over the next five years with the average annual total return people expect to make from their investments at 10.9%, up from 9.2% in 2018.
The returns include growth in their money, as well as any income paid out in the form of dividends and interest from a variety of investments including cash, bonds, property funds and equities.
Now compare this to recent actualities: in the last five years global stocks, as measured by the MSCI World Index, have returned 6.7% annually. (It is worth noting that the historic performance of markets does not offer a guide to future returns).
Claire Walsh said: “The study reveals that younger people expect higher returns from their investments. That might be partly down to their investment time horizon. In theory, they have more time on their side and therefore could be willing to take more risk knowing that they still have time to recoup any losses. For some they will have only known strong stock market returns and may have been influenced by this in their responses.
“Older generations are generally more risk averse and are likely to be more focused on protecting their investments for retirement. Taking less risk generally means accepting lower returns.”
Remember, this article is not a recommendation or advice. All investing comes with risk, the value of investments and the income from them may go down as well as up, and investors may not get back the amounts originally invested.
This document is issued by Schroder Investment Management Australia Limited (ABN 22 000 443 274, AFSL 226473) (Schroders). It is intended solely for wholesale clients (as defined under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth)) and is not suitable for distribution to retail clients. This document does not contain and should not be taken as containing any financial product advice or financial product recommendations. This document does not take into consideration any recipient’s objectives, financial situation or needs. Before making any decision relating to a Schroders fund, you should obtain and read a copy of the product disclosure statement available at www.schroders.com.au or other relevant disclosure document for that fund and consider the appropriateness of the fund to your objectives, financial situation and needs. You should also refer to the target market determination for the fund at www.schroders.com.au. All investments carry risk, and the repayment of capital and performance in any of the funds named in this document are not guaranteed by Schroders or any company in the Schroders Group. The material contained in this document is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for accounting, legal or tax advice. Schroders does not give any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of information which is contained in this document. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Schroders, every company in the Schroders plc group, and their respective directors, officers, employees, consultants and agents exclude all liability (however arising) for any direct or indirect loss or damage that may be suffered by the recipient or any other person in connection with this document. Opinions, estimates and projections contained in this document reflect the opinions of the authors as at the date of this document and are subject to change without notice. “Forward-looking” information, such as forecasts or projections, are not guarantees of any future performance and there is no assurance that any forecast or projection will be realised. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. All references to securities, sectors, regions and/or countries are made for illustrative purposes only and are not to be construed as recommendations to buy, sell or hold. Telephone calls and other electronic communications with Schroders representatives may be recorded.