Build, build, build: the road to recovery and returns?

Infrastructure is in the spotlight as governments look to repair their economies after Covid-19. We look at how infrastructure equity works and where we see the best opportunities.



Jerome Janssen
Co-Head of Equity Investments, Infrastructure Equity

As countries around the world begin to look beyond the Covid-19 lockdowns, attention is turning to mitigating the dramatic economic fallout of the pandemic. Infrastructure is set to play a major role in this, especially in Europe.

Indeed, UK prime minister Boris Johnson recently called for an “infrastructure revolution” to help revive the economy. “We will build, build, build. Build back better, build back greener, build back faster,” he said.

Across Europe, we believe that the stimulus packages being considered will provide a number of new infrastructure investment opportunities.

Before the coronavirus crisis, European countries faced large funding shortfalls. These posed challenges in developing, maintaining and upgrading key infrastructure: governments are often cash-strapped and banks are constrained by regulation.

This could be about to change should these stimulus packages become reality. Infrastructure is the backbone of most economies. Its modernisation, the development of renewable energies and support for the digital revolution should rapidly feed the infrastructure investment pipeline.

From an investment perspective, the infrastructure market is still relatively young, only really emerging in the past 15 years, comprising both debt and equity. Of the two key pillars, infrastructure equity offers higher return potential than debt, along with the higher potential risk. However, while debt doesn’t offer the opportunity for upside, in order to maximise returns from infrastructure equity you need higher levels of engagement with the asset’s operations. Newer investors will need support to get the most of it.

Why infrastructure equity?

Infrastructure as an overall asset type generally offers high levels of visibility and low volatility because of the essential nature of the financed projects. The need for energy utilities, water and waste management or telecom infrastructure networks  doesn’t disappear because of a short-term economic slowdown.

For equity investing, there are a number of avenues to pursue in terms of value creation. When we draft a value creation plan - providing a sort of “road map” to expected returns - we might be focusing on maximising operational efficiency, refinancing the asset, enhancing organic growth or “bolt-on” expansion through acquisition.

Where it differs from conventional private equity is in the nature of returns, and often the counterparty relationship. With private equity, return expectations are generally based on the capital gain made at exit or disposal. In infrastructure equity, returns are in the form of consistent cash flows. Holding periods in infrastructure equity are also long - generally around a decade or more, needed to implement the value creation plans. Finally, infrastructure stakeholders tend to be public bodies or municipalities, as opposed to corporate entities, which adds a political element to execution. This also necessitates a long-term approach.

The best hunting ground

We see compelling opportunities in infrastructure across Europe, but particularly in France, which is one of the largest and most diverse infrastructure markets in the region.

The diversity of the French market means we can access more of the major long-term themes that we expect to drive structural growth; things like the energy transition and digital transformation.

France also benefits from a very strong regulatory framework and a long history of delegating public services to private operators. This is what generates opportunities for infrastructure investors.

Buy well, manage well and sell well

Where we do believe investors should be a little more picky is in deal size. In its fairly short lifetime, the infrastructure investment industry has grown significantly. Given the economics of asset management – specifically the fairly fixed cost base - we have seen demand for larger deals grow. The time required to transact a deal is not materially influenced by size; small and large deals take similar amounts of time. As a consequence, those firms that have grown to large scale have all but abandoned the small and mid-size portion of the market.

This decline in competition means that our recently completed deals have been made on a bilateral basis. This has at least two advantages: better acquisition terms and conditions, as well as less transaction cost at risk.

Finally, the make up of the team is very important in infrastructure equity investing. The need to be close to the field is non-negotiable. The likelihood of success in winning an equity opportunity rises significantly as a domestic player. In France, where we are based, it may rise further as European governments deal with the economic fallout from coronavirus and grow increasingly protectionist when it comes to ownership of their infrastructure.

While we expect infrastructure investment to benefit from rising government investment, it remains the case that where and how you invest, and who with, will determine success.

Important Information:

This document is issued by Schroder Investment Management Australia Limited (ABN 22 000 443 274, AFSL 226473) (Schroders). It is intended solely for wholesale clients (as defined under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth)) and is not suitable for distribution to retail clients. This document does not contain and should not be taken as containing any financial product advice or financial product recommendations. This document does not take into consideration any recipient’s objectives, financial situation or needs. Before making any decision relating to a Schroders fund, you should obtain and read a copy of the product disclosure statement available at or other relevant disclosure document for that fund and consider the appropriateness of the fund to your objectives, financial situation and needs. You should also refer to the target market determination for the fund at All investments carry risk, and the repayment of capital and performance in any of the funds named in this document are not guaranteed by Schroders or any company in the Schroders Group. The material contained in this document is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for accounting, legal or tax advice. Schroders does not give any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of information which is contained in this document. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Schroders, every company in the Schroders plc group, and their respective directors, officers, employees, consultants and agents exclude all liability (however arising) for any direct or indirect loss or damage that may be suffered by the recipient or any other person in connection with this document. Opinions, estimates and projections contained in this document reflect the opinions of the authors as at the date of this document and are subject to change without notice. “Forward-looking” information, such as forecasts or projections, are not guarantees of any future performance and there is no assurance that any forecast or projection will be realised. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. All references to securities, sectors, regions and/or countries are made for illustrative purposes only and are not to be construed as recommendations to buy, sell or hold. Telephone calls and other electronic communications with Schroders representatives may be recorded.


Jerome Janssen
Co-Head of Equity Investments, Infrastructure Equity


Our sales team is available to discuss with you any investment opportunities.
Follow us

This website is owned and operated by Schroder Investment Management Australia Limited (ABN 22 000 443 274, AFSL 226473).  Your access to this website is subject to the Terms of Use found by clicking the ‘Important Information’ link below.  By using this website, you agree to be subject to these Terms of Use.