Global growth remains robust, but we have revised down our forecast for 2018 to 3.4% from 3.5%. This largely reflects a soft start to the year in many economies, higher oil prices and increased concerns over trade relations between the US and China. This represents the first downgrade to growth since September 2016.
Monetary policy is expected to tighten across the developed world over the forecast period with the Federal Reserve hiking to 3% by mid next year, the European Central Bank ending quantitative easing purchases in Q4 this year and raising rates in 2019. Some adjustment of Bank of Japan policy can also be expected.
The world economy is still in the expansion mode, but the forecast indicates that a more stagflationary period may lie ahead and the risks around the forecast are in this direction.
European forecast update: a frosty start to 2018
The eurozone economy has experienced a largely unexpected slowdown, calling into question the durability of the recovery. While poor weather may have been to blame, leading indicators have failed to recover. Meanwhile, political risk in Italy has returned as the two biggest populist parties join forces to form a government.
The UK appears to have suffered a similarly poor start to 2018. The good news is that a Brexit transition deal appears to have been agreed. The bad news is that uncertainty appears to be having a larger impact on confidence and house prices than previously feared.
EM forecast update: turbulence interrupts a smooth flight
Broadly lower growth and higher inflation compared to our previous forecast for emerging markets (EM). The culprits are, in the main, a weaker than expected first quarter and much higher oil prices, though sanctions and trade tensions also weigh on activity.
Higher inflation should close the door on further rate cuts for most of EM, though we think Russia still has space for one more. Otherwise, the next moves in Brazil and India seem likely to be hikes
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Read full reportEconomic and Strategy Viewpoint - June 2018
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